Neurodevelopmental Disorder's Sub Disorders:
Definition: Intellectual disability is a below-average cognitive ability with four major symptoms:
No exact cure, but services and supports can enable the person to succeed throughout their lifetime.
Definition: All disorders related to deficiencies in speech, language, and auditory processing.
-Nearly one in every ten people have a type of communication disorder.
*See Main Focus*
Autism spectrum disorder:
Definition: A person is unable to control his/her behavior due to trouble in processing neural stimuli. In addition, one has exceptionally high level of motor activity.
Two of the four symptoms related to the patterns of behaviors need to be present:
No exact cause for ASD, but some factors include: Genes (Birth Defects) and the environment
No single treatment for ASD- only treats the symptoms:
Behavioral and Learning Skills-
· Intensive skill-building and teaching educational sessions, known as applied behavior analysis or ABA,
· Interactive child-centered versions of behavior treatments.
· Special training and support for parents
· Speech and language therapy
· Occupational therapy
· Social skills training.
· Special education classroom activity
· Psychological difficulties
Specific learning disorder:
Definition: a disorder within the basic psychological processes involved in language comprehension, spoken or written, that may affect the ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or do mathematical calculations.
Definition: movement disorders affect the speed, fluency, quality, and ease of movement.
Attention Deficit Disorder/ Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder:
Definition: behavioral disorders occurring primarily in children that include poor concentration and hyperactivity.
Other Neurodevelopmental Disorders: